When a dentist or oral surgeon tells you that your tooth has become impacted, that means that it’s stuck and unable to break through the gum. This is a common health issue for patients with wisdom teeth. They get stuck in the rear of their jaw, developing oral infections and causing a host of other problems. This is the main reason why many individuals get their wisdom teeth extracted before impactions present themselves.
Dental problems like tooth pain, inflammation of the gums, and damage to surrounding teeth could occur if an impaction doesn’t receive necessary treatment. Because they usually start to erupt between the ages of 18 and 25, your dentist will try to predict how they will emerge and determine if preventative extraction is the best course of action.
Contrary to popular television show dramatizations, wisdom teeth that have impaction issues don’t always have apparent symptoms. Recognition of their presence becomes noticeable once an infection sets in or other teeth start to become misaligned or swollen. Other symptoms of these stuck teeth include:
Make an appointment with your dental care provider at the onset of these symptoms. If your discomfort originates from behind the last molar in your mouth, this may indicate an impacted wisdom tooth.
Impacted wisdom teeth are often the result of limited or no space when they start to come into the mouth. It’s possible to have teeth emerge and not suffer any significant consequences, but often this is not the case, and the molars are unable to develop normally.
While these teeth could also partially erupt from the gum line with a small portion of the crown visible, this brings risks to your overall dental health. Complications could include situations like:
Teeth that do not erupt can cause severe problems, such as:
By adding pressure to molars already grown into the dental arch, the added force can increase the risk of infection. Crowding that may require orthodontic care may get recommended in order to make room and create a straight smile again.
When the wisdom tooth develops within the jawbone, it begins in a sac. Over time, this sac could fill with a fluid which causes the pressure and impact to damage nerves, teeth, and even your jawbone. Noncancerous tumors may also form as a result of a cyst developing within the gum and jaw. Surgery to remove bone and tissue is an option to treat this condition.
When a tooth is partially impacted or erupted, dental professionals agree that tooth decay risks increase. The difficulty of keeping a tooth under this circumstance clean and free from bacteria encourages harmful toxins to get trapped under the gum line.
Also known as periodontitis, this condition is another consequence of a wisdom tooth with impaction issues. This disease will cause inflamed gums, swelling around the tooth, jaw pain, and a host of other uncomfortable symptoms.
Unfortunately, impacted wisdom teeth are not a preventable condition, though regular dental appointments and monitoring of growth can help. If an impact seems imminent or has occurred, but without symptoms, you may get a recommendation for having them extracted ahead of time.
It’s not a light decision to have your wisdom teeth removed. You’ll need to speak with your dentist and a recommended oral surgeon. Your dental care providers have to weigh the long-term consequences of taking these teeth out, and the impact it will have on your mouth. You may need additional treatment later, depending on your situation. Or you may prefer an oral and maxillofacial surgeon like Dr. Nancy Herbst to handle your care.
Dr. Herbst has more than 25 years of oral surgery experience and the training to diagnose your wisdom teeth complications accurately. As one of New Jersey’s Top Dentist’s of 2018, she has earned the trust of New Jersey residents for her skills as an oral and maxillofacial surgeon. Trust the caring team at Union City Oral Surgery with your needs. Contact our office today at (201) 601-9262 to learn more about how the presence of wisdom teeth affects your smile.